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11 September 2013

"Negative" Income Tax - מס הכנסה שלילי

A number of years ago, the government introduced a scheme designed to help workers earning very little. This grant, based on average monthly earnings in the previous tax year (hence the term "income tax"), was initially available only to those living in certain parts of the country. Grants for 2012 are the first to be available countrywide.

 
Who is eligible?

You must meet the following criteria:
 
1. Be aged 55+ or aged between 23 and 54 and have at least one child.

2. You, together with your spouse, own no more than a 50% stake in any land or property (worldwide) that is not your residence.

3. Your average monthly earnings in 2012 (salary or freelancer, based on actual months worked) was between approx. NIS 2,000 and NIS 6,000.

It should be stressed that you are not eligible for months on which you received salary from a family member, or a company controlled by a family member.

Furthermore, maternity pay received from Bituach Leumi is treated as earnings for these purposes.

4. If you were required to file a tax return for 2012, you did so on time.

5. The claim must be made by 30th September 2013, so you need to move fast!

6. Any employer filed their employer-summary form on time (form 126). If they did not, you will be asked to provide the authorities with form 106 in order for them to fully process your claim.

 
How much is the grant?

The grant, per month of eligibility, is based on your average monthly earnings and can reach as high as NIS 705. The full table is as follows:


 
Monthly grant (NIS)
Average monthly income (NIS)
- woman (1 or 2 children)
- single father responsible for 1 or 2 children
- married father (1 or 2 children)
- aged 55+ without children
- woman (3+ children)
- single father responsible for 3+ children
- married father (3+ children)
0-2,040
0
0
0
0
2,041
120
80
180
120
2,500
231
154
342
228
3,000
351
234
519
346
3,540-4,730
480
320
705
470
5,000
387
258
610
407
5,500
214
143
433
289
6,034
30
20
N/A
N/A
6,035+
0
0
N/A
N/A
6,645
N/A
N/A
30
20
6,645+
N/A
N/A
0
0
The amounts here are based on the 1st June 2012 figures, and should have increased with inflation on 1st June 2013 - I have yet to see the revised figures.
 
In certain circumstances, the amount due to you will be reduced. This is the case if you are in receipt of one (or more) of the following:

1. Pension income, excluding disability or survivor pensions.
2. Bituach Leumi grant for work or other accident.

Similarly, your spouse's income could reduce your grant.

A simulator (Hebrew only) has been provided by the tax authorities here. It's worth having a look at if you think your claim is borderline.

 
How to make the claim

The claim is made at a post office branch (and only there), and must be made in person. Be careful though: not all post offices are officially branches - check the postal service website before setting off.

You need to take with you your ID card (Teudat Zehut) and a cheque (of formal notification of account details from the bank).

The clerk will hand you a form on which you state:
  • Number of employers in 2012 for both you and your spouse.
  • Whether you we're self employed in 2012
  • Postal address
  • Bank details
You will get to keep a portion of the form, which will have details regarding how to monitor your claim. You can monitor your claim online here (Hebrew only).


How you get paid

If you are an employee only, you will receive your grant in two equal payments directly into your bank account, to be paid on 15th January 2014 and 15th April 2014.

If you are (also) self-employed, the grant is offset against your 2012 tax liability. If you have excess grant, it will be offset against the next three year's tax liabilities (i.e. 2013, 2014 & 2015). If, after that, there is still some grant left over, 75% of the remainder will be paid directly into your bank account on 15th July 2017.

1 comment:

  1. statistically well defined about the feature of Negative Income Tax. really massive update to share the tax terms of Tax in Israel .








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